Analysis of export cases in Pintung aquatic laboratory
The industry of ornamental aquatic animals is high added-value, highly technical, highly industry-related, and low demand for land. The ornamental industry is important and competitive in agriculture. The Animal Health Research Institute has been stationed in Pingtung Agriculture Biological Park (PABP) since 2014, and aquatic animal laboratory was established. We offer services of disease detection for companies that are stationed in PABP and their satellites. Therefore, it could reduce the distance between farms and markets, and promote the ability to receive orders and export to the international market.
Recently, the task of the laboratory expanded from ornamental aquatic animals to food fish. Of these exports, thirty-two percent of markets for ornamental aquatic animals are Europe (Germany and the United Kingdom); fourteen percent of markets are Asia (Korea and Singapore). The popular animals include Neocaridina sp. (24%), Caridina multidentata (10%), and Caridina serrata (9%). Major export markets for food fish are Asia (42%), including China, Korea, and Vietnam. The top two items are Macrobrachium rosenbergii and Epinephelinae sp.
Analysis of surveillance data for Major Pathogens in White Shrimp
From 2020 to 2022, a technical service team consisting of the Animal Health Research Institute, Fisheries Research Institute, Fisheries Agency, and scholars was set up to improve the white shrimp industry’s biosecurity. During the period, we regularly detected pathogens in shrimp fry from 5 domestic breeders and 2 importers and provided solutions according to the results. Every year, we help about 70 white shrimp farms detect pathogens in shrimp fry before breeding and provide disease diagnosis services. The detection focused on white spot disease virus (WSDV), acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND), Enetrocytozoon hepatopanei (EHP), and yellow head virus genotype 1 (YHV1); other suspected pathogens were tested according to the clinical signs and history of the submitted cases. Furthermore, environmental samples were collected and tested for suspected pathogens. The most common pathogen in shrimp fry was EHP. Among the submitted cases, WSDV and AHPND showed mass mortality. Besides pathogens, poor management after heavy rainfall was also the most common cause of mass mortality.