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Serological survey the bacterial and parasitic zoonotic diseases of canines anim...  

Update Date: [2013-11-14]
No.:43

Reporton.
AHRI report No.43
Topic
Serological survey the bacterial and parasitic zoonotic diseases of canines animals which immigrated to Taiwan
Department
Animal Health Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan
Institute of Wildlife Conservation, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology
Author
Sue-Min Huang, Chen-Sheng Huang, Yun-Chen Yang, Chen-chih Chen, Jai-Chyi Pei, Wei-Ming Chang
Summary
This research focus the serological study on the prevalence of Rickettsia rickettsii (Rr), Ehrlichia canis(Ec), Rickettsia conorii (Rc), Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb), Borrelia afzelii (Ba) and Leishmania donovani (Ld) in canine animals which immigrated to Taiwan. Serum samples collected from three different areas. The dogs from the urban areas whose totalprevalences were as the followings: R(29.1%), Ld (5.5%), E(4.5%), R(6.4%), B(0.9%) and B(3.6%). The dogs from rural areas whose total prevalences were as the followings: R(0%), L(0.6%), E(5.8%), R(0.6%), Bb(1.8%) and B(1.2%). The dogs from different foreign countries whose total prevalences were as the followings: Rr(15.5%), L(14.8%), E(21.1%), R(10.6%), B(5.6%) and B(14.1%). All the serum was detected by using the antigen of Brucella abortus, Brucella canis and complement fixation (CF) test to check Brucella spp infection and the results show negative. Using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to analyze the virus titers of the above-mentioned diseases, the results showed the titers were almost higher than 1024 dilution fold. This study indicates the dogs from the foreign countries whose diseases prevalences were higher than those from in domestic urban and rural areas, which can provide serological data that helps the clinical veterinarians and epidemic prevention workers to establish strategies to control the diseases.
Keyword
zoonotic diseases, dog, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay