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The Identification of Frequent Variations in the Fusion Protein of Canine Distem...  

Update Date: [2013-11-14]
No.:45

Reporton.
AHRI report No.45
Topic
The Identification of Frequent Variations in the Fusion Protein of Canine Distemper Virus
Department
Animal Health Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan
Author
MS Lee*, KJ Tsai, LH Chen, CY Chen, YP Liu, SH Lee
Summary
Canine distemper (CD) is a highly contagious disease with a worldwide distribution. Genetic diversity in genes encoding the haemagglutinin (H) and fusion (F) virus envelope proteins have been implicated in the increasing incidence of CD. Unlike the H gene, little is known about the genetic variability of the F gene in this virus. In the present study sequence analysis of the complete coding region of the F protein from CD virus isolates from Taiwan were carried out. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the majority of isolates were similar to those found in neighbouring China and Japan, but were genetically distinct from vaccine strains. Remarkable variations were found scattered throughout the pre-peptide region (residues 1–135). The sequence identity of this region between locally sourced strains and between these strains and vaccine strains was 89% and 64 to 67%, respectively. Analysis suggested a novel strain of distant genetic lineage was present in dogs in the geographically isolated city of Hualien.
Keyword
Fusion protein, Canine distemper virus, Gene evolution, Pre-peptide region