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Surveillance on Rabies in Taiwan in 2009  

Update Date: [2013-11-14]

AHRI report No.45
Surveillance on Rabies in Taiwan in 2009
Animal Health Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan
KR Tsai, JC Chang, YC Tu, WC Hsu, SH Lee
In this study, 4,438 serum samples, comprising 4,145 samples from domestic dogs and 293 samples from stray dogs, were examined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for antibodies against rabies virus. A minimum of 0.5 IU/ml Rabies antibodies is required to protect against rabies virus infection, according to the World Health Organization recommendations. Results showed that the sero-positive rate of domestic and stray dogs were 52.4% (2,173/4,145) and 9.2% (27/293), respectively. Meanwhile, we collected brain samples of dog with signs of nervous syndrome, those with a history of biting people and weak or dying dogs in shelter houses for continuous surveillance of rabies. Totally, 1,545 brain tissues of mammals, consisting of 1,480 dogs, 5 cats and 60 bats, were collected in 2009. Rabies viral antigen and typical lesion were not detected in all tissues, indicating the free status of rabies in Taiwan.
Surveillance, Rabies